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Thanks for stopping by. My name is John Patrick and Attitude LLC is the name of my company. My activities include writing, speaking, and board service. I am fortunate to have quite a few affiliations and I get to work with Net Attitude people from whom I am constantly learning. Prior to “e-tirement”, I was vice president of Internet Technology at IBM Corporation. Nearly everything I have ever said or written is here at patrickWeb or in my book, Net Attitude. As of today, the patrickWeb blog contains 1,408 posts. I hope you enjoy reading some of them. Get the email version of patrickWeb if you prefer. Find me on Facebook, Google+, and LinkedIn. Follow me on twitter. You can also find me in Wikipedia.

Net Attitude

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Net Attitude

When I wrote Net Attitude 12 years ago, I thought that by now, all organizations would be exploiting the Internet effectively. Sadly, this is not true. There are so many web sites that do not do what they are supposed to do. You enter a date or a phone number or a social security number, and the site says you left out the dashes, or you can’t have dashes. The incredible computing power available to virtually all users and the ability of javascript programming to be embedded directly in a web page makes it easy for the page to add or delete dashes and slashes and present the data to a database in the format that the database expects. Many websites such as AT&T are next to impossible to navigate. You are presented with,, consumer pages that are labeled as being for the enterprise, and on and on. Many sites ask you a set of questions before they let you find what you want to find. Others have an obvious priority that the site is for their benefit, not yours.

Many websites allow booking of flights, theater or dinner reservations, and other appointments. However, many of them still do not provide the basic and simple idea of adding the reservation to your calendar. Hundreds of millions of people have electronic calendars on their smartphones, yet many companies do not effectively enable them to be used. Others offer one choice — add to Outlook. Do such companies think that everyone in the world uses Outlook? Don’t they realize that millions of people use Apple, Google, or Yahoo calendars? Even more mindless and benighted is what Delta Airlines does. After making a reservation, they offer an option to add your flights to your calendar. Bravo! I booked a couple of flights the other day and added them to my calendar, but after looking at the calendar entry, I was greatly disappointed. The entry said, Your Itinerary: Laguardia — Jacksonville, GY3MQ. No where in the visible part of the calendar entry did it say Delta Airlines. No flight number appeared. What could they have been thinking? Perhaps that all flights that you book are with Delta? My conclusion is that they were not thinking at all. Websites have come a long way in the past 20 years, but many still don’t have Net Attitude! We are still in the early days of the Internet.

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Inside Bitcoins

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Bitcoin Jar

I first met Jeremy Allaire when he was chief technology officer at Macromedia back in 2001. Fast forward 13 years, and I saw him give the opening keynote speech for the Inside Bitcoins Conference and Expo at the Javits Conventions Center in New York. His opening remark was that Bitcoin is an historical innovation. As noted here before, Bitcoin has all the trappings of the web in 1994. Jeremy referred to Bitcoin as being in the pre-Netscape era of digital currency. While some say that BTC is a fad, Jeremy said it just needs time and a “build-out” just like the web did. He said it may take decades. As we all know, sometimes painfully, video is really taking hold on the web, but yet 90% of video is still conventional broadcast, and it has taken 20 years for the web to get where it is today.

Bitcoin at its infancy should not discourage us. There are more than 2,000 companies involved — building out the infrastructure and services that will be needed to make BTC mainstream. Jeremy estimated that BTC will reach that point in 10 years. Today, 90% of BTC activity consists of investing and trading. The evolution to a global payment and transactions platform will require an architecture that can handle a large number of transactions. There must be a link between those transactions and the identity of the participants in transactions, a capability  to handle refunds, derivatives, futures, options, integration with foreign exchange platforms, and electronic communications trading networks. 
Jeremy had a quite bullish outlook for the evolution of BTC, with which I agree. Consumer services companies will emerge as muti-billion-dollar companies that focus on making transactions easier (Jeremy’s stealth company in Boston,, may be one of them). Major payment processors will join BTC — PayPal , Stripe, Square, and others.  ATM networks will provide the vital bridge between paper currency and BTC. Jeremy said that 75% of transactions today are still paper based, so there must be a seamless bridge between BTC and existing ATMs. Banking interoperability and deep integration, which will be demanded by consumers, will be essential to BTC adoption.
There is a lot to do, just like there was in 1994. Identity and security present a huge opportunity, and there were a number of startups at the conference providing such services. However, for BTC to go mainstream, industry-led standards efforts will be required. A number of such efforts were essential to the adoption of the web, such as Apache, Linux, IETF, ISO, W3C, and others. Governments will need to establish and enforce BTC legality. (Some countries may initially ban BTC, just like China and some Middle Eastern countries did with the web in the early days. ) Governance rules and oversight will evolve to provide consumer protection, ways to address theft, verifiable identities, oversight of monetary policy, and the necessary legal framework — all country by country.
BTC gets put into circulation through the efforts of mining operations. Mining is the process of adding transaction records to the block chain (Bitcoin’s public ledger of all past transactions). Jeremy said that mining will evolve from hobby to institutionalization. Consumer hobbyists will continue to be able to participate. (I hope so, because I am a miner myself. Rather than buy the specialized hardware to perform mining operations, I am using, which I learned about at the conference. As BTC is mined, I reinvest the proceeds in more capacity. I started with 100 gigahash/second as part of a pool at
After Jeremy’s enlightening and visionary keynote, the conference continued with a panel of experts. There are a number of seasoned vets involved in BTC, but walking around the conference floor, talking with vendors, and listening to speeches, one can see bright, young, creative, incredibly technical skills working on the evolution of BTC. This will be exciting to watch. I was optimistic before the conference, but am now even more so.
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Regenerative Medicine

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Human Liver

On the morning after the Blueprint Health lunch, Demo Day, and dinner, I headed back to the Javits Convention Center for day two of the 3D Printing Conference. I was quite interested in the medical implications of 3D printing, and I was thrilled with what I learned. The opening keynote speaker was Dr. Anthony AtalaDirector of the Wake Forest Institute for Regenerative MedicineThe U.S. Department of Health and Human Services called regenerative medicine the “next evolution of medical treatments”. The Wake Forest laboratory has already created 22 different human tissues, including muscles that can expand and contract. Dr. Atala said that regenerative medicine can not only improve the quality of life for many people, but save lives. With the potential to heal, Dr. Atala believes regenerative medicine will revolutionize health care.

Patients with diseased or injured organs can be treated with transplanted organs. However, there is a severe shortage of donor organs —  more than 75,000 actively waiting for transplants – that is worsening yearly due to the aging population. Regenerative medicine and tissue engineering may solve the problem. By applying the principles of cell transplantation, material sciences, and bio-engineering, teams such as Dr. Atalas, are able to construct biological substitutes that may restore and maintain normal function in diseased and injured tissues. 3D printing is playing a role. Living tissue can be printed using cells (instead of ink) from the patient . Rather than replacing an entire organ, regenerative medicine uses a replacement technique that supplements a failing tissue or organ. Cells can be extracted from a functioning part of an organ, enhanced and grown outside of the body, and then be printed on a lattice structure. The result is then implanted in the patient. Since the cells came from the patients body, there is no rejection. We can expect to see major advances in the technology in the months and years ahead. Dr. Atala said that regenerative medicine “promises to be one of the most pervasive influences on public health in the modern era”.

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Blueprint Health

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Hospital Building

After an exciting morning at the 3D Printing Conference, I headed to SoHo in an UberX car for lunch at Blueprint Health‘s 5th  annual Demo Day. Blueprint Health leverages NYC’s thriving entrepreneurial ecosystem of entrepreneurs and mentors. After a networking lunch with more than 500, they introduced seven companies, who then each gave a 10-minute presentation about their strategy, financial model, and financing plans. See a highly-abbreviated summary below from Blueprint Health about the startup companies and what they had to say.

The entrepreneurs did an excellent job of explaining their business model and the benefits to healthcare providers from their solutions. Most of the financial flows they projected was from hospitals. The justification for the hospitals was for improved efficiency or more effective care delivery. Despite the justification, selling IT solutions to hospitals is not easy — it is a big, but tough market to crack. Hospital CIOs are conservative and rightly protective of security and privacy. Administrators are interested in savings, but under great financial pressure from reimbursement squeezes by public and private payers. The good news for the entrepreneurs is that they have excellent support from early adopters and the team of mentors organized by Blueprint Health

Following Demo Day was a small dinner with a few dozen healthcare investors and leaders. With healthcare representing nearly 20% of the U.S. economy, it is not surprising that there are many investment opportunities. I was more interested in policy-related and technology-related issues. The technology front is advancing very fast, but the policy front is mired in politics. I would like to be more optimistic on the policy front, but unfortunately, the population is divided, and the politicians are responding to what they believe to be the views of those that can re-elect them. The two political parties are equally guilty.

On the following morning, I headed back to the Javits Convention Center for day two of the 3D Printing Conference. I was quite interested in the medical implications of 3D printing, and I was thrilled with what I learned

bullet BoardRounds helps hospitals transition patients from the hospital to in-network physicians, improving patient care and generating additional revenue. BoardRounds schedules follow-up appointments for patients with providers to ensure that proper follow-up occurs. A typical hospital can generate over $1M in additional in-network services and also improve its quality scores. BoardRounds is in use at Mount Sinai Hospital and negotiating with 5 hospital systems.

bullet Decisive Health enables specialists to see more patients by improving the quality and efficiency of patient consultations. Decisive Health educates patients about recommended treatment options, predicts patient treatment preferences, and qualifies patients for procedures sooner. Clients include physicians at the Hospital for Special Surgery and Virginia Hospital Center.

bullet ProofPilot makes it easy to design, launch, and manage complex research studies and clinical trials. With the ProofPilot platform, researchers launch studies four times faster and cut over 50% of costs. Current clients include NYU Langone, Saatchi & Saatchi Wellness, and the Huffington Post. 

bullet MediQuire helps hospitals measure and improve clinician performance. Their platform takes EHR data and compares clinicians to peers based on the quality of care they deliver. MediQuire then reduces performance gaps by delivering personalized education in the areas where clinicians need to improve most. Their platform allows hospitals to efficiently manage hundreds of new performance requirements, thereby avoiding penalties and reducing waste. 

bullet PulseBeat is home healthcare for the 21st century. PulseBeat offers family members peace of mind by remotely monitoring and caring for their aging loved one. They provide caregivers with real-time notifications and daily health report cards that provide a holistic view of their loved one’s health. Through partnerships with home healthcare companies, PulseBeat offers 24/7 access to a home care nurse or aide. They are working with the Visiting Nurse Association of Orange County, opening the door to thousands of potential customers in southern California.

bullet RubiconMD helps primary care providers earn an additional $45k per year, by treating more specialty related cases. Over 40% of specialist referrals are unnecessary and could be treated by primary care providers. RubiconMD connects primary care providers with specialists for remote opinions. Provider networks see considerable cost savings. RubiconMD has 3 clients including Doctors Express Urgent Care Clinic, the largest urgent care network in the U.S.

bullet Twiage is a mobile and web-based platform that provides secure, real¬time transfer of information and rich media from the ambulance to the ER. They improve pre-hospital communication between the ambulance and the ER, saving the average ER over $350k annually in false service activations alone. Twiage is working with a regional Level 2 trauma center with 90k ER visits a year and is negotiating with 5 clients to launch inQ2’14.

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Inside 3D Printing

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3 D

I was one of the 4,000 people who attended the Inside 3D Printing Conference and Expo at the Javits Convention Center in New York on Thursday and Friday. Although 40% of the population sampled said they had never heard of 3D printing, it is clear from this conference that it is revolutionizing manufacturing, enabling new products, and impacting business processes. One speaker called it an industrial renaissance. Another said that the design-to-manufacturing value chain market opportunity is $35 billion.  I think of it as an industrial revolution that will be equal to the impact of the Internet.

The speakers and demonstrators at the conference made it clear that 3D printing is changing **everything**. In the early days, 3D printing  used bland-colored resin to print small objects one item at a time and one layer at a time. The printers cost many thousands of dollars and were not accessible to consumers. At the conference this week, a Chinese company, XYZprinting Inc., introduced a 3D printer for $499. It supports 12 different colors. What can you print? Just about anything. If you can imagine it, you can print it. Visit Shapeways to get an idea or buy 3D-printed objects.

The range and variety of things on display was nothing short of amazing. A ring with rotating gears — printed as one item. Custom eyeglasses that were based on the width of your nose bridge and distance between your temples. Dental and hearing implants. Jet engine parts. A ChefJet prints chocolate candies and offers personalized nutrition — print your food. Games. Dollhouse furniture. Fashion items including accessories, shoes, jewelry, belts, and even garments. One presenter showed off his colorful 3D-printed shoes as he walked on stage. The conference had a Ford Torino with a multi-surfaced 3D-printed car body. See some of the pics I took at iCloud.

3D printing is an exponential technology that can change everything, and the low-cost technology has now enabled democratization — anybody can print things. If you don’t want to own a 3D printer, you can design something or select from hundreds of thousands of designs online and send your 3D file to a service to print it for you. No expertise is required and the software tools make shape complexity a non-issue. Material science may be the most important aspects of 3D printing. Printing with metal is now possible but continued development is needed to get the strength, cost, and speed where it needs to be. 

The big picture is that manufacturing is becoming digital. 3D printing is just one part of it.  One speaker described four major parts of  where manufacturing is headed. Additive, subtractive, robotic assembly, and nanoscale/bio. Additive manufacturing is accomplished with 3D printing. Subtractive manufacturing is when an object is milled to remove certain parts of the material. Integration will enable an end-to-end process from design to robotic assembly of 3D-printed parts. 

As I listened to speakers and walked the expo floor and talked to demonstrators, I got excited about the many possibilities. I thought of one of my motorcycles — a 1977 Honda Trail Bike — for which it is hard to get parts. I thought of various gadgets, knobs, brackets, and things around the house that are not available. They are now. If you can take a picture or draw it, you can print it. Before this conference, I thought of 3D printing as being limited to a prototyping tool. Now I can see fabrication-grade direct metal printing, where thousands of parts can be printed per printer per day. The printed parts will be lighter and more effective than parts of the past. 

The area I most excited about is in medicine and the potential for patient-specific surgeries. In the afternoon I went to a healthcare conference and then returned to the 3D printing conference the next day to hear some medical speakers. More about the medical area in the next post.

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3-D Printed Brainwave Headset

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EEG Headset

Monitoring of brainwaves is not a new idea, but the technology is now moving from a clinical and research environment to a consumer hobby. reported that OpenBCI has developed a low-cost, programmable, open-source EEG [electroencephalography] platform that can enable anyone with a computer to have access to their brainwaves (see 3-D Printed Device Allows Users Access to Brainwaves). The possibilities are endless, ranging from neural self-therapy to improve your productivity or attention, to interacting with video games using your motor cortex, to controlling the lights and music in your home based on your mood. To get access to your brainwaves, you need a headset with sensors to pick up the waves from various points around your head. Where do you get such a headset? No problem — just print one! 3D printing may be be retrospectively considered to be like the industrial revolution, which took place from the 18th to 19th centuries. It will change just about everything. If you can imagine an object and design it with 3D software, you can print it. Next week, I will be attending the  Inside 3D Printing Conference and Expo in New York. I expect to see many things that I had not previously imagined.

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My Doctoral Journey – Part 8

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As of today, it has been 43 months since my August 2010 decision to begin a doctoral journey. At my last update, on December 21, I thought I was a few weeks away from completion. I was in for a surprise, as the process for completing a dissertation along with the necessary approvals turned out to be nothing like a business process. In a follow-on post next week, I will describe the “process” in more detail for those who may be interested. For now, I am very happy to report that the oral defense lasted 68 minutes and the committee approved my research and dissertation without changes. The 43-month journey has ended. Friday afternoon began with the following email, and the rest of the day was a happy one.  


> On March 28, 2014 at 1:14:21 PM, 

Damien Byas ( wrote:
> > Congratulations Dr. Patrick! Enjoy your weekend.
> > 
> > D. Byas
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Reflections on Bitcoin – 4

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Bitcoin Jar

I have known Kevin Maney for more than 15 years. He is a talented author and journalist. He also writes music and plays in bands. I first met Kevin when he was writing for USA Today. His columns always included a mix of deep thought, humor, and sometimes a bit of cynicism. The mix was reflected in his current story “The Other Side of the Bitcoin“, which was published in Newsweek. In just over 1,100 words, Kevin completely nailed it — a simplified and understandable insight to what Bitcoin is about and how it is evolving. See other patrickWeb posts about Bitcoin here.

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Reflections on Bitcoin – 3

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This week on CNBC, Warren Buffett said that Bitcoin is a joke. Once again, this reminds me of 1995 when many pundits said the World Wide Web was a joke. Needless to say, many of them had a stake in the status quo. I remain bullish about the future of Bitcoin as a transaction platform. I believe this view is consistent with the evolution of the Internet. In the beginning, the Internet was a simple communications network that allowed messages or files to be transferred from one computer to another. The World Wide Web was built on top of that underlying infrastructure. Then along came e-commerce, which was an additional layer built on top of the web. This was followed by social media, which was another layer, and now we have Bitcoin, which is providing a payment, currency, and contracts platform as another layer. It is certainly possible that Bitcoin could go the way of Napster, but I believe the grassroots is gaining momentum.

The press does not quite get what Bitcoin is about yet. Last wee, the New York Times Bits Daily reported “Mystery Swirls Around Unmasking of Bitcoin Inventor ” A much more relevant news item would have been to invite an expert on cryptography from MIT and get their opinion about the strengths and weaknesses of the Bitcoin platform. Another newsworthy interview would be with the folks at Coinbase, which reported they now have more than 1 million digital wallets. This past week Coinbase announced that Pounce, a retail mobile purchasing app, will allow consumers to shop at Lord & Taylor and other retail firms, and pay for their purchases with Bitcoin. The Coinbase announcements are signs of adoption, which will be the key to success or failure for Bitcoin. Some were not happy with my prior comments that we need some light regulation, but I still stick behind that notion – not that I like regulation, but without the light dose, regulators may attempt to handcuff the Bitcoin innovation. See other patrickWeb posts about Bitcoin here.

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Medical Innovations

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The number of innovations occurring in the field of healthcare is impressive. It is impossible to stay on top of them. I look forward to an email newsletter from every week for a good summary of the latest and greatest. One area of innovation is happening with x-rays – a technology that hasn’t changed much for decades. The current technology is fine when taking a look at your knee or shoulder, but when the internal organs need to be examined, a patient needs to swallow a contrast agent like iodine or barium that will bind to a tumor or other structure. The problem is that these agents can be hard on the kidneys and in some cases result in mortality. CT scans are much overused and potentially dangerous when multiple scans accumulate their effect.

A new technique called x-ray phase-contrast imaging (XPCI) works by measuring the change in an x-rays phase. X-rays move more slowly when they pass through muscle mass than through blood.  For example, as an x-ray passes through your lungs, which is mostly air and blood vessels, the wave will arrive sooner than a wave that passes through the heart. As a result, the new technique can be used by specialists to examine internal organs, tumors, and many other things. PCI involves no toxic agent agents and works with a substantially lower dosage then CT scans. said that hardly a day passes without news of another smartphone device, app, or cloud information integrator for health monitoring.  I have previously written about iPhone apps to perform an EKG and another for a parent to detect a child’s ear infection. A new iPhone app developed at Cornell University called the “smart CARD” includes an adapter that fits over the iPhone’s camera. You place a drop of blood on a strip, place the strip in the adapter, and in less than a minute, the app performs a color metric analysis and determines your total cholesterol level. The new app is not yet commercially available but, when it is, it will probably include the differentiation between “good” and “bad” lipids, just like the labs do. The iPhone has the power of early supercomputers, and we can expect many more breakthroughs ahead.

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